Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

Eight crew members kidnapped off Nigeria view more

Pirates attack small products and chemical tanker in Gulf of Aden view more

Pirates board bulk carrier but fail to take control of the vessel view more

Dhow hijacked view more

Cocaine found onboard a containership while calling at the Port of Santa Marta view more

Suspected attack by Abu Sayyaf militants against shipping in the Moro Gulf view more

US naval vessel seizes heroin view more

Fighting between armed factions in Libya has led to warnings of renewed disruption to oil exports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Drug trafficking in West African ports view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: unrest by elements of the security forces leading to disruption to port operations. view more

PERU - Risk: Robbers target ships in Callao's anchorages view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic crisis bringing delays and deteriorating port conditions. There are also reports of piracy, the targets being small fishing vessels. view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES AND BORNEO - Threat: Attacks on vessels and kidnap of crew view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian sanctions update view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT - Risk: Fines and delays for breaching Suez Canal rules, Egypt view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for undeclared waste lube oils in Argentina view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved Ship to Ship (STS) operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: United States Coast Guard imposes further conditions of entry for vessels arriving from Libyan ports view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Delays as a result of changes to ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GHANA - Risk: Fines imposed for the landing of stowaways in Takoradi, Ghana view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Delays, detentions and fines resulting from the closure of Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

CHINA/TAIWAN - Risk: Fines imposed for unapproved direct sailing between China and Taiwan view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues associated with loading iron ore cargo from Pepel port and Freetown anchorage view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Drug trafficking in West African ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Bagged rice shortage claims in West African ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways at Tema Port view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: Security at Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

SYRIA - Risk: Sanctions and the US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Syria view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Delays on the Parana River Argentina view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Threat: armed robbery - ships berthed at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

GULF OF GUINEA - Threat: armed robbery in the Gulf of Guinea region view more

GULF OF GUINEA - Threat: vessel hijack and refined petroleum product cargo theft in the Gulf of Guinea view more

BIGHT OF BONNY - Threat: kidnap of seafarers in the Bight of Bonny, offshore the Niger Delta and in the territorial waters of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea view more

SOMALIA - Somali-based pirates targeting vessels operating in the littoral waters of Somalia, the Indian ocean and Gulf of Oman view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: armed robbery on ships berthed at the Indonesian anchorages of Tanjung Priok, Dumai, Belawan and Taboneo view more

MALACCA STRAITS & SINGAPORE - Threat: vessel hijack and petroleum product cargo theft in the Malacca Straits / Singapore Straits and South China Sea view more

BANGLADESH - Threat: armed robbery and pilferage on vessels anchored or berthed at Chittagong and Cox's Bazar Ports, Bangladesh view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
21/04/2017 UTC Posn 4.193942793111482 - 6.251220703125

Background

On 19 April 2017, at 09:34 UTC, armed pirates kidnapped eight crew members and injured one from an unnamed tug 11 miles south of Brass, Nigeria according to various open source media reports. The Nigerian Navy responded to the incident and evacuated the injured crew member by helicopter. However, they were unable to prevent the pirates from escaping with eight members of the crew.

Assessment and Analysis

Local authorities have not released any more details about the incident as they are currently investigating the incident and attempting to free the kidnapped crew. Crews are advised to take additional precautions in these waters due to the noticeable increase in attacks, hijackings and kidnaps.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

18/04/2017 Posn 12.818943959936208 - 47.900390625

Background

Reports from Chinese and Somali authorities indicate a pirate attack was made on the small chemical and products tanker ALHEERA in the Gulf of Aden on Saturday 15 April.

According to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army news service, the Chinese navy frigate HENGYANG responded to a distress call from the ALHEERA. The HENGYANG drove the pirates away when it arrived on the scene. The Chinese Navy reported that the five armed pirates tried to board the ALHEERA from a skiff. The Somali authorities indicate gunfire was exchanged during the naval intervention, resulting in the deaths of two of the attackers.

Assessment and Analysis

The 10,000 deadweight tonne dwt ALHEERA, which is controlled by United Arab Emirates based Link Energy, is the third merchant vessel to be attacked in recent weeks in the Gulf of Aden.

On 8 April pirates boarded a 35,360 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier OS 35 but failed to take control. Indian and Chinese warships came to the bulk carrier’s assistance.

The ARIS 13, hijacked on 13 March while sailing between Djibouti and Mogadishu, was the first merchant ship to be successfully hijacked off Somalia since 2012. The vessel and crew were later released unharmed.

During this period there have also been at least three attacks on dhows, so the attempted hijacking of the ALHEERA brings the total number of attacks to six in six weeks.

The United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO), which coordinates shipping in the Gulf of Aden, has advised vessels transiting the area to exercise “extreme caution”.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

10/04/2017 Posn 14.00 - 51.30

Background

Pirates boarded a 35,360 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier in the Gulf of Aden on 8 April but failed to take control.

The bulk carrier OS 35 had sailed from Kelang in Malaysia and was heading to the Port of Aden in Yemen, according to AIS sources. The vessel was boarded as it entered the eastern end of the Gulf of Aden.

The crew of the bulk carrier retreated to the ship’s citadel. The pirates left the vessel before Indian and Chinese naval vessels arrived on the scene.

Assessment and Analysis

The failed attack on the ‘OS 35’ shows that Somali-based pirates are once again targeting large merchant ships.

In March Somali pirates hijacked a bunker tanker, the ARIS 13. Although at 1,800 deadweight tonnes it was a much smaller than the OS 35 it was nevertheless the first seizure by Somali pirates of a merchant ship – as opposed to a commercial dhow of fishing vessel – since 2012.

While the attacks on the OS 35 and the ARIS 13 are the most serious in terms of the threat to international shipping, Somali-based pirates have also made three attacks on dhows on less than a month.

The attempted hijack of the OS 35 was thwarted by the action of the crew, who retreated to the vessel’s citadel, and the swift response by naval vessels in the area.

According to reports, when the master of the OS 35 realised his vessel was about to be boarded he ordered the crew of 19 to gather in the ship’s citadel and stopped the vessel’s engines.

At the same time international naval forces were alerted, and Indian and Chinese warships came to the bulk carrier’s assistance.

Chinese maritime special forces boarded the bulk carrier, while the Indian navy provided air cover.

The pirates however had left the vessel under the cover of darkness and there were no arrests. The crew were unharmed.

The United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO), which coordinates shipping in the Gulf of Aden, has advised vessels transiting the area to exercise “extreme caution”.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

03/04/2017 Posn 12.08 - 52.73

Background

Gunmen, believed to be from Somalia, have hijacked an Indian flagged dhow.

The vessel, the AL KAUSHAR, was boarded by the hijackers on 1 April while it was sailing between Yemen’s Socotra Island and the Somali coast.

The hijacking has been confirmed by India’s Directorate of Shipping. A spokeswoman for the Directorate said the dhow had 11 crew members on board, all from India.

Assessment and Analysis

Reports in the India media said the dhow’s captain had contacted the owner of the vessel to say it had been approached by a skiff, apparently seeking water.

The Indian Directorate of Shipping, quoted on 3 April, said there had been no ransom demand and that it was possible the hijackers would release the vessel after they had stolen its cargo.

The dhow was believed to be carrying oil.

Later reports, carried by Reuters, quoted a source described as a ‘pirate leader’ as saying that the hijackers were making ransom demands.

The gunmen were reported to have taken the dhow to the Eyl area of northern Somalia.

US naval forces in the area said they were aware of the reports and were monitoring the situation.

The dhow had sailed from Dubai and was variously reported to have been heading to Bosaso in Somalia and Al Mukala in Yemen.

The hijacking of the dhow followed an incident some three weeks earlier when Somali pirates seized the product tanker ARIS 13.

That incident was swiftly brought to an end after authorities in Somalia’s semiautonomous Puntland region intervened. Nevertheless it prompted warnings that instability Somalia and resentment about foreign fishing fleets operating off the Somali coast could trigger a resurgence in pirate attacks.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

28/03/2017 Posn 11.26 - -74.24

Background

Authorities in Colombia say they have found over 450 kilos of cocaine onboard a containership calling at the Port of Santa Marta on the country’s Caribbean coast.

The drugs were found in a container that had been loaded at the Port of Turbo, further west along the country’s northern coast. The container was destined for the Netherlands.

Reports have made no suggestion of crew involvement.

The vessel had arrived in Santa Marta on 12 March and was allowed to proceed to Northern Europe on 18 March.

Assessment and Analysis

The drugs were found on the HAMMONIA EMDEM, a 2006-built containership owned by the German shipping company Hammonia Reederei.

Colombia’s Office of the Attorney General said the drugs had a black market value of around $27 million. It said the cocaine might belong to the Clan de Gulfo, a drug-trafficking paramilitary group.

In January, 2017, the Colombian Navy found cocaine hidden in a cylinder that was attached – below the waterline – to the hull of the refrigerated cargo ship the CROWN OPAL. The vessel had been bound for Belgium.

The Colombian authorities routinely carry out searches and underwater inspections of vessels as part of their fight against drug trafficking.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

28/03/2017 Posn 6.75 - 122.56

Background

There has been a suspected attack by Abu Sayyaf militants against shipping in the Moro Gulf off the southern Philippines.

Local reports said motor skiffs carrying armed men approached the Ro-Ro ferry SUPER SHUTTLE RORO 9 on 23 March as it was proceeding, under tow, 19 miles southeast of Sibago island.

The gunmen boarded the vessel and at least two seafarers were abducted.

They were named as the captain and chief engineer of the tug TUG R9, which was towing the ferry. The reports said they had been aboard the Ro-Ro vessel at the time the gunmen struck.

They were taken ashore where, less than three days later, they reportedly escaped their captors. Reports of the circumstances of their escape were unclear.

Assessment and Analysis

Shipping in the Sulu and Celebes Seas, which includes the Moro Gulf, has been repeatedly targeted by Abu Sayyaf, a Philippines-based group that claims allegiance to so-called Islamic State.
Shortly after the reports of the release of the captain and chief engineer of TUG R9 Philippine troops said they had rescued three Malaysian seafarers held captive by Abu Sayyaf for eight months.

The military said the three Malaysians were rescued on Jolo island in the southern Philippines. They gave no details of the operation.

Abu Sayyaf has its roots in separatism but engages mostly in banditry.

An attack by gunmen on the Vietnamese cargo ship the GIANG HAI in February, in which one crew member was killed and six others taken hostage, has been attributed to Aby Sayyaf.

In early March a speedboat carrying at least six gunmen was seen tailing a cargo ship as it sailed through the Sulu Sea, prompting it to take evasion action.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

20/03/2017 Posn 21.6 - 63.5

Background

A US-led naval task force patrolling in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman and parts of the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean has seized 270 kilograms of smuggled heroin from a dhow.

US Naval Forces Central Command said the guided-missile destroyer USS LABOON had intercepted the dhow in an operation to verify its nation of origin.

The boarding took place in international waters in the northern Arabian Sea on March 13.

Assessment and Analysis

This is the second seizure of smuggled drugs by Combined Task Force 150 in less than two weeks. On March 2 an Australian navy frigate, HMAS ARUNTA, found 800-kilograms of hashish on a dhow. That interception also took place in the Arabian Sea.

The 31-nation task force is in the region in part to combat piracy. But it has also taken a role in disrupting the trade in narcotics.

The commander of the task force, US Vice Admiral Kevin Donegan, said the latest drug hauls showed the value of the navies working together to increase maritime security.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

15/03/2017 Posn 31.05 - 18.45

Background

An upsurge in fighting between armed factions in Libya has led to warnings of renewed disruption to oil exports.

At the centre of the fighting are the oil terminals of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf.

The terminals had been under the control of General Khalifa Haftar, whose Libyan National Army (LNA) is opposed to the Tripoli-based government.

But early in March Islamist militias seized the terminals. The latest fighting follows an offensive by the LNA to recapture them.

A senior official at Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) warned on Monday (March 13) of a possible declaration of force majeure at the terminals if the fighting continued.

That would effectively mean that NOC would consider itself released from any contractual obligations to supply cargoes at the oil ports.

 

Assessment and Analysis

The situation in Libya remains extremely volatile with civil unrest and conflict continuing to effect shipping and access to some ports.

General guidance to shipping has been to avoid navigating in the coastal waters of eastern and central Libya, in part because it is unclear who is exercising authority.

Vessel operators should liaise with local ship’s agents and P&I Correspondents for the most up-to-date information prior to calling at any Libyan ports.

The oil terminals of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf are key to Libya’s oil exports and are likely to remain the focus of fighting between rival factions.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page