Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

6 crew kidnapped by armed pirates from general cargo ship view more

Narcotics Interdiction in northwest Indian Ocean view more

Fear of unrest following the dismissal of the head of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources view more

Libyan coastguard exchanges fire with suspected oil smugglers view more

Product tanker COSTINA attacked 5.7 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia's Mudug region view more

Eight crew members kidnapped off Nigeria view more

Pirates attack small products and chemical tanker in Gulf of Aden view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Drug trafficking in West African ports view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: unrest by elements of the security forces leading to disruption to port operations. view more

PERU - Risk: Robbers target ships in Callao's anchorages view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic crisis bringing delays and deteriorating port conditions. There are also reports of piracy, the targets being small fishing vessels. view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES AND BORNEO - Threat: Attacks on vessels and kidnap of crew view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian sanctions update view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT - Risk: Fines and delays for breaching Suez Canal rules, Egypt view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for undeclared waste lube oils in Argentina view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved Ship to Ship (STS) operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: United States Coast Guard imposes further conditions of entry for vessels arriving from Libyan ports view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Delays as a result of changes to ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GHANA - Risk: Fines imposed for the landing of stowaways in Takoradi, Ghana view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Delays, detentions and fines resulting from the closure of Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

CHINA/TAIWAN - Risk: Fines imposed for unapproved direct sailing between China and Taiwan view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues associated with loading iron ore cargo from Pepel port and Freetown anchorage view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Drug trafficking in West African ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

WEST AFRICA - Risk: Bagged rice shortage claims in West African ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways at Tema Port view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: Security at Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

SYRIA - Risk: Sanctions and the US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Syria view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Delays on the Parana River Argentina view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

GULF OF GUINEA - Threat: armed robbery in the Gulf of Guinea region view more

GULF OF GUINEA - Threat: vessel hijack and refined petroleum product cargo theft in the Gulf of Guinea view more

BIGHT OF BONNY - Threat: kidnap of seafarers in the Bight of Bonny, offshore the Niger Delta and in the territorial waters of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea view more

SOMALIA - Somali-based pirates targeting vessels operating in the littoral waters of Somalia, the Indian ocean and Gulf of Oman view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: armed robbery on ships berthed at the Indonesian anchorages of Tanjung Priok, Dumai, Belawan and Taboneo view more

MALACCA STRAITS & SINGAPORE - Threat: vessel hijack and petroleum product cargo theft in the Malacca Straits / Singapore Straits and South China Sea view more

BANGLADESH - Threat: armed robbery and pilferage on vessels anchored or berthed at Chittagong and Cox's Bazar Ports, Bangladesh view more

Show all icons
Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
19/05/2017 UTC Posn 3.98 - 6.77

Background

A report posted by the ICC-IMB advises that armed pirates attacked and boarded a general cargo ship on 17 May, while it was underway 21 nautical miles off the south west edge of Rivers State in the Niger Delta, Nigeria.

6 members of the ship’s crew were abducted by the pirates during the attack.

The vessel – which has not been named publicly – proceeded to Bonny anchorage and the Nigerian Navy are reported to be investigating the incident.

 

 

 

Assessment and Analysis

There continues to be a high rate of kidnapping in the Niger Delta region and particularly off the coast of Rivers State.

Pirates are usually well armed and violent, and they contunue to hijack vessels for the purpose of kidnapping crew.

They operate along the coast and in rivers, anchorages, ports and surrounding waters. Attacks have been reported up to 170nm from the coast.

Generally, all waters in / off Nigeria remain risky for all vessels, irrespective of type.

Ships trading into the Niger Delta region, or passing close by its coast should be employing multiple layers of security measures to ensure that they are adequately hardened against the threat.

Merchant ships are encouraged to report position information to MDAT-GOG while operating in the Voluntary Reporting Area shown on Admiralty Chart Q6114.

In an emergency MDAT-GOG Watchkeepers can be contacted at:

Email: watchkeepers@mdat-gog.org

Telephone: +33 2 98 22 88 88

 

 

 

Reported and analysed by Gray Page and North

17/05/2017 Posn 7.97 - 53.43

Background

Naval forces belonging to Combined Task Force 150 have seized more than 250kg of heroin from a dhow in the northwest Indian Ocean.

A statement from the task force said the drugs were found by a boarding party from the Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS ARUNTA.

The operation took place on May 10. The precise location of the intercept was unclear.

Assessment and Analysis

A spokesman for the task force said units operating under its command were continuing to remove ‘significant quantities’ of narcotics from international markets.

The spokesman, French Rear Admiral Olivier Lebas, said the task force was preventing criminal and terrorist organisations benefiting from the illegal trade.

Combined Task Force 150 (CTF 150) is one of three task forces operated by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF),a multi-national naval force patrolling international waters in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, the Somali Basin, the Indian Ocean and the Gulf.

Its main roles are to disrupt terrorism, prevent piracy and to reduce illegal activities.

CTF 150 teams have seized and destroyed billions of dollars in drugs and captured thousands of weapons since the task force was first deployed in 2002.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

10/05/2017 Posn 9.79 - 125.52

Background

Bulk carriers loading in the Philippines have been urged to adopt robust in-port security measures and to restrict shore leave following the controversial dismissal of the head of the country’s Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).

Regina Lopez, the former head of the Depatrment, had been facing intense opposition from mining companies after she ordered the closure of more than half of the country’s nickel mines. She said they were environmentally damaging.

The country’s lawmakers, voting in May, refused to confirm Lopez’s appointment, ending her 10-month tenure.

P&I correspondents issued a circular warning of political uncertainty and the possibility of violent repercussions against vessels loading nickel ore at ports on the island of Mindanao (Surigao and Tubay).

Assessment and Analysis

Former army general Roy Cimatu has been appointed take over from Regina Lopez. He has promised to be “moderate and calm”. He said mining companies would be allowed to operate as long as they did not destroy the environment and were properly managed.

Mining companies have welcomed his appointment but environmental groups complain that industry interests have prevailed over environmental protection.

Analysts say there is a danger that Filipinos who see the removal of Lopez’ as a setup engineered by lawmakers in the pocket of big business will take their protests to the streets and could target shipping companies involved in the export of nickel ore.

The Philippines is the world’s top nickel ore supplier.

More information about vigilance when loading nickel ore in the Philippines can be found in North’s Industry News.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

03/05/2017 Posn 33.05 - 12.14

Background

Authorities in western Libya have arrested two tankers suspected of involvement in oil smuggling.

They were held after a prolonged gun-battle with the Libyan coastguard.

“The Libyan coastguard boarded the two tankers, one flying the Ukrainian flag, the RUTA, and the other, the STARK, flying the Congolese flag,” said a spokesman for the Libyan Navy.

According to his account, the crews manning the tankers had been heavily armed. He said the tankers had been supported by small boats during the exchange of fire with the coastguard .

“They put up fierce resistance, but the tankers were eventually seized by Libyan authorities.”

The incident took place on Friday, April 28, off Sidi Said near Zuwara, west of Tripoli. There were no reports of casualties.

After the authorities boarded the tankers the vessels were taken to the capital Tripoli where the crews face prosecution.

Assessment and Analysis

Sources speaking for the presidential council of Libya’s UN-backed government of national accord said the two tankers had refused orders from a coastguard patrol to stop.

Earlier in April the coastguard opened fire on group suspected people smugglers, again for allegedly ignoring orders to stop. Four suspected smugglers were killed.

Since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 Libya has been caught in turmoil among rival military factions.

Libya’s oil infrastructure has often been targeted by fighting or blockades and there has been widespread oil smuggling. The UN Security Council adopted a resolution in 2014 aimed at ending illicit crude oil exports from Libya.

The UN-backed government in Tripoli, meanwhile, has been struggling to assert control and has praised the April 28 arrest of the two tankers.

The situation in Libya is extremely volatile and owners and ship managers should liaise with local ship’s agents and P&I correspondents for the most up-to-date information prior to calling at Libyan ports.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

22/04/2017 Posn 5.7 - 48.9

Background

There has been another attack on shipping off the coast of Somalia, the fourth attack on a merchant vessel in two months.

The 7,018 deadweight tonne (dwt) product tanker COSTINA was attacked 5.7 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia’s Mudug region on April 22.

According to the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre, six armed persons in a skiff chased and fired on the tanker.

The ship’s master raised the alarm and sent distress call, to which a Spanish warship responded. The skiff chased the tanker for nearly two hours and then moved away.

There are conflicting reports as to why the skiff broke off its attack. The IMB said it was due to the tanker’s continuous evasive manoeuvres. A spokesman for EU NAVFOR, the European Union Naval Force operating in the area, said the skiff fled when it became aware the Spanish warship was approaching.

One of the product tanker’s crew members was slightly injured in the attack.

Assessment and Analysis

Pirate attacks off Somalia peaked in 2011. They dropped to zero after the start of international naval patrols but have restarted in 2017.

The attack on the COSTINA came just a week after armed men tried to board the 10,000 dwt products tanker ALHEERA. On 8 April Somali-Based pirates boarded a 35,360 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier OS 35 but failed to take control. While in March, the ARIS 13, a 1,800 dwt product tanker, was hijacked by pirates who released the vessel a few days later.

An EU NAVFOR spokesman said the April 22 attack highlighted the need for vigilance and self-protection, adding: “It is crucial that Somali pirates are denied opportunities to attack vessels.”

A team from warship that came to the aid of the COSTINA came on board the tanker after the attack and confirmed there were a number of bullet holes in the vessel’s superstructure.

The head of US Africa Command, Gen. Thomas Waldhauser, has suggested that famine and drought are a factor in the resurgence of pirate activity in the region.

He said that the vessels being targeted were carrying food and oil. “The bottom line is there have been a half dozen or so [incidents],” he said. “We’re not ready to say there is a trend there yet but we’ll continue to watch.”

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

21/04/2017 UTC Posn 4.193942793111482 - 6.251220703125

Background

On 19 April 2017, at 09:34 UTC, armed pirates kidnapped eight crew members and injured one from an unnamed tug 11 miles south of Brass, Nigeria according to various open source media reports. The Nigerian Navy responded to the incident and evacuated the injured crew member by helicopter. However, they were unable to prevent the pirates from escaping with eight members of the crew.

Assessment and Analysis

Local authorities have not released any more details about the incident as they are currently investigating the incident and attempting to free the kidnapped crew. Crews are advised to take additional precautions in these waters due to the noticeable increase in attacks, hijackings and kidnaps.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

18/04/2017 Posn 12.15 - 48.0

Background

Reports from Chinese and Somali authorities indicate a pirate attack was made on the small chemical and products tanker ALHEERA in the Gulf of Aden on Saturday 15 April.

According to the Chinese People’s Liberation Army news service, the Chinese navy frigate HENGYANG responded to a distress call from the ALHEERA. The HENGYANG drove the pirates away when it arrived on the scene. The Chinese Navy reported that the five armed pirates tried to board the ALHEERA from a skiff. The Somali authorities indicate gunfire was exchanged during the naval intervention, resulting in the deaths of two of the attackers.

Assessment and Analysis

The 10,000 deadweight tonne dwt ALHEERA, which is controlled by United Arab Emirates based Link Energy, is the third merchant vessel to be attacked in recent weeks in the Gulf of Aden.

On 8 April pirates boarded a 35,360 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier OS 35 but failed to take control. Indian and Chinese warships came to the bulk carrier’s assistance.

The ARIS 13, hijacked on 13 March while sailing between Djibouti and Mogadishu, was the first merchant ship to be successfully hijacked off Somalia since 2012. The vessel and crew were later released unharmed.

During this period there have also been at least three attacks on dhows, so the attempted hijacking of the ALHEERA brings the total number of attacks to six in six weeks.

The United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO), which coordinates shipping in the Gulf of Aden, has advised vessels transiting the area to exercise “extreme caution”.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page