Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

MSC posts $50 million in bonds view more

Attacks on vessels possible as tension between Iran and the West escalate view more

Ten seafarers kidnapped, as pirates board from speedboats while vessel is underway view more

Crew members reportedly admit smuggling drugs aboard view more

NIGERIA/GULF OF GUINEA: Risk - Piracy threat in Gulf of Guinea view more

Transport ministry advises Chinese-flagged ships to take heightened security view more

Gunmen attack fishing vessels and seize crew view more

War risk insurance could be withdrawn at seven days notice view more

Two tankers damaged in Gulf of Oman in suspected attacks view more

JWC Listed Areas: Saudi Arabia (Red Sea coast) excluding transits view more

JWC Listed Area: United Arab Emirates view more

JWC Listed Area: Persian or Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters including the Gulf of Oman west of Longitude 58°E view more

JWC Listed Area: Oman view more

'Strong warning' to observe sanctions view more

United States adds Seychelles to the list of countries it regards as having inadequate anti-terrorism measures view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Unmanned barges vulnerable to boarding view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Indonesian authorities target vessels anchored without permission view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Vessels at anchor targeted by thieves view more

NIGERIA - Risk: Vessels visiting ports and anchorages in and around Lagos targeted by thieves. view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

SOMALIA - Risk: Ships should register with the EU’s Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Armed robbery whilst transiting the Singapore Strait view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List for Yemen view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: status of, and security at, Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

JWC listed area in Saudi Arabia (Gulf coast) view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
17/07/2019 Posn 39.30 - -75.42

Background

US authorities have released a container ship involved in smuggling almost 20-tons of cocaine but courts could still declare the vessel forfeit.

The 10,000 TEU capacity container ship MSC GAYANE had been held in the US Port of Philadelphia since mid-June.

It was seized after it was found to be carrying cocaine hidden in shipping containers. The drugs were estimated to have a street value of over $1 billion.

The ship’s operator, Mediterranean Shipping Co. (MSC) secured the vessel’s release after agreeing to post a $10 million security deposit and $40 million surety bond.

It also agreed, in conjunction with the ship’s registered owner Meridian 7 Ltd., to submit to any ruling from the US courts and to return the vessel to a US port should a judge declare it forfeit.

Assessment and Analysis

MSC GAYNE is the largest vessel ever seized as part of operations by the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) force.

Court filings showed at least two MSC GAYNE crew members had admitted being involved in smuggling drugs aboard. In total six crew members are facing charges.

Observers said that the vessel could be made permanently forfeit if prosecutors can prove the owner, operator, or members of their staffs knew of the existence of the illegal drugs.

The cocaine was allegedly smuggled aboard the MSC GAYNE as it was sailing between Peru and Panama.

Following the discovery of the drugs the ship’s operator MSC had its US-issued Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) certificate suspended for 90-days.

The potential forfeit of the ship and the temporary suspension of MSC’s C-TPAT certificate shows the tougher line US authorities are taking with shipping companies caught-up in drug smuggling.

The seizure of the cocaine in Philadelphia was the third serious drug smuggling incident involving an MSC ship in 2019.

A spokesman for the US Customs and Border Protection force said it was not targeting particular shipping companies, rather it was focusing on ships that had visited regions where drug trafficking was rife.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

15/07/2019 LC Posn 02.58 - 04.44

Background

Pirates have seized ten crew members from a general cargo vessel in the Gulf of Guinea.

The 8,930 deadweight tonne (dwt) PAKSOY 1 was attacked 125 nautical miles (nm) off the Nigerian coast shortly before midnight on July 13.

The Turkish-flagged vessel had a crew of 18, all Turkish nationals.

The pirates approached in two speedboats, each boat carrying between five and seven people.

Reports said they were firing shots into the air as they prepared to board.

Turkish shipping company Kadioglu Denizcilik, which owns the PAKSOY 1, said it had contacted the regional authorities as soon as it lost contact with the vessel.

The Ghanaian navy dispatched a patrol boat. The boat intercepted the vessel and escorted it to Ghana’s Tema port.

The eight crew members left on board were unharmed. There had been no reports of any injuries during the attack.

The vessel, which was in ballast, had been sailing from Cameroon to the Ivory Coast.

The incident took place 65 nm southwest of Nigeria’s offshore Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO ) terminal in the Agbami oil field.

Assessment and Analysis

Waters in the Gulf of Guinea, particularly off Nigeria, remain prone to pirate attack.

Data compiled by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre detailed 32 incidents of piracy and armed robbery in the Gulf in the first six months of 2019.

Many other attacks are thought to have gone unreported.

Most attacks took place at night and vessels targeted have included crude oil tankers, product tankers, offshore supply vessels, container ships, fishing boats and a bulk carrier.

Pirates typically approached in speedboats or skiffs and fired at their targets before attempting to board.

Crews should exercise extreme caution in the Gulf of Guinea.

Ships should avoid slow steaming and crews should watch for the approach of small vessels.

Evasive action and the use of citadels have proved effective in frustrating pirate assaults.

Operators of ships trading off Nigeria and in the wider Gulf should consider hardening vessel perimeters against boarding.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

10/07/2019 Posn 39.85 - -75.30

Background

US authorities have seized the 10,000 TEU capacity container ship MSC GAYANE.

Almost 20 tons of cocaine, with a street value of over $1 billion, were discovered in seven containers when the ship docked in Philadelphia in mid-June.

MSC GAYNE is the largest vessel ever seized as part of operations by the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) force.

Six crew members face charges under US maritime drug smuggling laws.

The CBP rarely seizes cargo ships. A local official said the move was ‘indicative of the serious consequences associated with an alleged conspiracy by crew members and others to smuggle a record load of dangerous drugs through the United States.’

It was not clear if US prosecutors intended to take permanent possession of the 2018-built vessel.

 

Assessment and Analysis

Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC), the operators of MSC GAYANE, has had its Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) certificate temporarily suspended by the US Customs and Border Protection agency.

It means that containers carried by MSC ships could be subject to additional inspections in US ports.

MSC has said the suspension of its C-TPAT certificate did not imply any restrictions on its doing business in the US market.

During prosecutors’ initial investigations there were no reports they were claiming any wrongdoing by MSC.

Court filings seen in early July showed at least two MSC GAYNE crew members had admitted being involved in smuggling drugs aboard.

They said cocaine was loaded from boats that approached the MSC GAYNE as it sailed between Peru and Panama en route to Philadelphia.

They also claimed that other crew members had been involved and that the same had happened on a previous voyage on the same ship.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

03/07/2019 Posn 2.948 - 100.54

Background

China has raised the security level for its vessels heading through the Strait of Malacca.

The transport ministry advised Chinese-flagged ships to take heightened security measures, according to a copy of a July 2 notice posted on a website affiliated with the ministry.

No reason was given for the alert.

Assessment and Analysis

The Chinese transport ministry said it was raising its security warning to ‘level three’.

Observers say ‘three’ is the highest security level in Chinese regulations.

It is one above the warning the ministry issued for the Strait of Hormuz after the June attacks on two oil tankers.

Initial reports said the ministry was making no comment on the reason for its advisory on security in the Malacca Strait.

The Strait connects Middle Eastern and African energy supplies to Asian economies.

China has become increasingly reliant on energy and other supplies that pass through the Strait.

The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) recorded eight piracy and armed robbery incidents in the Strait in 2018.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

25/06/2019 LC Posn 5.14 - 119.43

Background

Gunmen believed to be linked to the Abu Sayyaf terrorist group seized ten fishermen in the Sulu Sea on June 18.

Nine of the hostages were freed within days. They were found walking on a road near the town of Talipo in the southern Philippine province of Sulu.

Philippine security officials suggested the men had proved too poor to generate a ransom.

The fishermen had been in Malaysian waters when they were kidnapped.

Assessment and Analysis

Abu Sayyaf has a history of violence and hostage taking stretching back more than a decade.

The group is based in the southern Philippines and once claimed allegiance to so-called Islamic State.

In its sea-based operations it has generally targeted small, slow moving vessels with low-free-board.

There were at least three cases of Abu Sayyaf abducting seafarers in the Sulu and Celebes Seas in 2017 and two in 2018.

The frequency of Abu Sayyaf attacks on vessels, however, has been declining and attacks on larger vessels have all but stopped.

ReCAAP (the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia) had no reports of crew kidnap in first three months of 2019.

Nevertheless, as the latest attack confirms, the threat of abduction remains. Crews should exercise extra vigilance in the Sulu and Celebes Seas and be ready to report any suspicious activities to the authorities.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

24/06/2019 Posn 26.63 - 56.34

Background

Insurers are keeping the risks to tankers in the Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman under close review.

Some UK-based cargo insurance providers have warned that the war element of their policies could be subject to cancellation at seven days’ notice.

New cover would require prior approval for any transit and a renegotiation of premiums.

The warning came after attacks on two tankers underway in the Gulf of Oman on June 13.

Assessment and Analysis

The United States has blamed Iran for the attacks on the tankers in the Gulf of Oman, a charge Iran denies.

Since June 13 tensions in the region have risen further with the shooting down by Iran of a US drone.

The UK’s London based insurance market had already decided in May to widen the high risk area in and around the Persian Gulf following attacks on four tankers at anchor off Fujairah in the UAE.

War risk insurance premiums have been climbing and spot freight rates for VLCCs loading in the Persian Gulf have, in some cases, more than doubled month-on-month.

In the immediate aftermath of the June 13 attacks there was speculation that the volume of tanker traffic through the Gulf of Oman and Strait of Hormuz might dip

Shipping sources however have reported that the number of transits has remained largely unaffected.

13/06/2019 LC Posn 25.5 - 57.34

Background

Explosions have been reported from two tankers in the Gulf of Oman.

U.S. Naval Forces in the region reported receiving two separate distress calls, one at 6:12am local time and a second one at 7:00am local time. The US Navy’s fifth fleet said it was assisting the tankers.

The two tankers involved are the FRONT ALTAIR and the KOKUKA COURAGEOUS. The two ships are currently approximately 50 km apart in the Gulf of Oman.

The crews have abandoned both vessels and are reportedly safe. The crew from the FRONT ALTAIR were rescued by the Abu Dhabi bound HYUNDAI DUBAI.

A huge fire is engulfing the FRONT ALTAIR, which is carrying a cargo of naphtha. The KOKUKA COURAGEOUS is carrying Methanol.

Bernhard Schulte issued a statement on its website saying the “The hull [of the KOKUKA COURAGEOUS] has been breached above the water line on the starboard side.”

Assessment and Analysis

These incidents come almost exactly a month after four vessels were attacked near UAE territorial waters, east of Fujairah.

After assessing the damage from these attacks the UAE said that they most likely the work of “state actors”. Then later in May, US National Security Advisor John Bolton said that evidence that Iran was behind these attacks would be presented to the UN.

The exact nature of these current incidents is still unclear and no group has claimed responsibility.

UKMTO has issues an advisory notice saying “We are aware of an incident involving two merchant tankers in the Gulf Of Oman. The circumstances are currently unclear and under investigation.”

UKMTO has advised “vessels transiting the area to exercise extreme caution”.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page