Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

NIGERIA/GULF OF GUINEA: Risk - Piracy threat in Gulf of Guinea view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Unmanned barges vulnerable to boarding view more

Pirates seize five seafarers and fatally wound sailor on Navy escort vessel view more

Pirates board crude oil tanker view more

Coast guard pursues vessel accused of illegal fishing view more

5 March - Gulf of Guinea, Pirates board tanker and abduct three seafarers view more

Skiffs attack tankers south of Brass view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Indonesian authorities target vessels anchored without permission view more

Crew taken from multi-purpose cargo-carrying landing craft view more

Attack broken off after ship takes evasive action view more

Thieves target diesel oil view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Vessels at anchor targeted by thieves view more

NIGERIA - Risk: Vessels visiting ports and anchorages in and around Lagos targeted by thieves. view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

SOMALIA - Risk: Ships should register with the EU’s Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Armed robbery whilst transiting the Singapore Strait view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List for Yemen view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: status of, and security at, Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Saudi Arabia, excluding transit view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
13/03/2019 LC Posn 3.57 - 6.39

Background

Pirates have killed a Nigerian Navy guard and kidnapped five seafarers in an attack on an offshore support vessel 32 nautical miles (nm) southeast of the Brass oil terminal in Nigeria.

The attack happened shortly after mid-day local time on March 9.

Details posted by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said the vessel was approached by two speed boats.

The captain immediately alerted an escort ship and the escort began manoeuvring to engage the attackers who were armed with machine guns.

One speed boat exchanged fire with the escort while the other crossed the bow of the offshore support vessel before coming alongside for boarding.

The pirates used an extended ladder to gain access to the deck. They vandalized the ship’s cabins and stole crew belongings before breaking into the engine room where the crew had gathered. They then seized five seafarers and made their escape.

Once the attack was over the offshore support vessel was able to proceed under escort to a safe anchorage.

The crew members who escaped kidnap were unharmed but the Nigerian Navy reported that one of its sailors had died of wounds.

 

Assessment and Analysis

Ships in the Gulf of Guinea, particularly in waters off Nigeria, are vulnerable to pirate attack.

In a three-week period at the end of February and beginning of March there were reports of at least six attacks against shipping, some over 110 nautical miles from shore.

Perpetrators have generally been armed, sometimes opening fire on their targets as they approach.

The March 9 assault was unusual in that the perpetrators pressed home their attack despite the intervention of a an armed escort boat.

Crews should exercise extreme caution throughout the Gulf Of Guinea.

They should avoid slow steaming and watch for the approach of small vessels, especially at night.

Ship operators should also consider vessel hardening measures to deter would-be attackers.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

11/03/2019 LC Posn 4.30 - 3.14

Background

Armed pirates boarded a crude oil tanker underway in the Gulf of Guinea 113 nautical miles (nm) south of Lagos, Nigeria.

Details of the attack were reported by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre.

It said the pirates boarded the tanker from a speed boat at 1325 local time on March 2.

The tanker’s crew mustered in the ship’s citadel and the Nigerian navy sent a patrol boat to assist.

None of the crew was injured. The pirates are thought to have fled before the naval patrol arrived.

The tanker was able to continue to its scheduled destination.

Assessment and Analysis

The attack on the crude carrier took place a day before a petrochemical tanker, also underway in the Gulf of Guinea, was boarded by pirates and three seafarers abducted.

Details of the attack on the crude oil tanker were slow to emerge but it seems it was one of at least five attacks on shipping in the Gulf of Guinea in less than a week.

Crews should exercise extreme caution throughout the Gulf Of Guinea.

They should avoid slow steaming and watch for the approach of small vessels, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

06/03/2019 LC Posn -46.05 - -65.13

Background

An Argentinian coast guard cutter has fired warning shots at a Chinese-owned fishing vessel.

The incident happened on March 2 off the San Jorge Gulf in the South Atlantic.

Argentina claimed the vessel, the HUA XIANG 801, was fishing illegally one kilometer inside Argentina’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

It further claimed the 72-meter jigger had turned off its Automatic Identification System (AIS) and that when confronted had extinguished its running lights and made for international waters.

The Argentinian authorities said the warning shots were fired when the fishing vessel began executing ‘aggressive manoeuvres’ that put the coast guard cutter at risk.

The cutter followed the fishing vessel into international waters but broke contact after a three-hour chase.

 

Assessment and Analysis

Argentina has been involved in similar incidents stretching back at least four years.

In 2016 the country’s coast guard captured and sunk a Chinese-owned vessel, which it claimed had been fishing illegally.

China’s distant-water fleets are licensed by the Bureau of Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.

In the days after the incident, the Ministry refused to be drawn on whether the HUA XIANG 801 had been inside Argentina’s EEZ but it did say that any confirmed violations of an EEZ would be met with ‘severe punishment’.

It also claimed that conflicts on the edge of Argentina’s EEZ were due in part of Argentina’s failure to provide China with the zone’s electronic coordinates.

Argentina has issued an international appeal for the arrest of the HUA XIANG 801.

In 2018 a Chinese-owned vessel was arrested in Indonesia after Argentina made a similar appeal.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

05/03/2019 LC Posn 5.866 - 1.278

Background

Three seafarers have been abducted from a petrochemical tanker underway in the Gulf of Guinea.

The 40,450 deadweight tonne (dwt) HISTRIA IVORY was boarded by pirates shortly after nightfall on March 3.

The tanker was 20 nautical miles (nm) out of Lome in Togo.

Its 21-strong crew were all Romania. Most retreated to the ship’s citadel but three were seized.

The attackers fled the vessel taking the hostages with them.

The Maltese-flagged tanker returned to Lome where it was escorted to a secure anchorage.

Assessment and Analysis

The boarding of the HISTRIA IVORY was the fourth attack on shipping in the Gulf of Guinea in less than a week.

The attack was first reported by the Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG), although initial reports made no mention of hostages having been taken.

The Romanian Foreign Ministry later confirmed three seafarers had been abducted.

It said it was keeping in close touch with the authorities in Togo and with the tanker’s Romanian owners.

A Romanian seafarers’ union said pirate attacks in the Gulf of Guinea were increasing and urged crews to use radar to monitor vessels closing in from short distances.

All waters in the Gulf of Guinea should be seen as dangerous.

The greatest risk of attack is at night.

Crews should exercise extreme caution and should avoid slow steaming. They should also consider adopting vessel hardening measures.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

04/03/2019 LC Posn 3.118 - 6.201

Background

Two tankers have come under attack in the Gulf of Guinea in the space of 12 hours.

Both were underway some 70 nautical miles off Brass, Nigeria.

According to details released by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre the first attack took place in daylight on the morning of February 27.

Two skiffs carrying 16 armed pirates fired at the tanker and attempted to board.

The Ship Security Alert System was activated and non-essential crew were mustered in the citadel.

A security vessel in the area responded to the alert and the pirates broke off their attack as the vessel approached.

The second attack also involved two skiffs. It began after dark on the same day – February 27 – in almost the same sea area.

Two skiffs were spotted on radar approaching the tanker from the stern. As the skiffs closed they opened attacking fire.

Nigerian naval personnel on-board the tanker returned fire and the attack was broken off.

 

Assessment and Analysis

The end of February and beginning of March saw a series of reports of vessels under attack in the Gulf of Guinea.

As well as the incidents reported by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre there were two alerts from the piracy reporting body, the Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG).

One said a vessel had been attacked on March 2, 104 nautical miles (nm) south of Lagos; the other reported a vessel coming under attack on March 3, 30 nm south of Lome off the coast of Togo.

In both cases the attacks were broken off without any reports that intruders had been able to board.

The latest attacks came less than two weeks after a container ship came under fire from a speed boat while underway 80 nm south of the Niger Delta.

Vessels sailing in the Gulf of Guinea should be vigilant, especially off Nigeria.

Piracy is not restricted to coastal waters. Some attacks have been reported almost 200 nm from shore.

Attacks typically involve assailants coming alongside in small boats and using ladders, ropes and hooks to clamber on-board.

Boarding attempts are often preceded by the target vessel coming under fire.

All waters in and off Nigeria and the wider Gulf of Guinea should be seen as dangerous.

The greatest risk of attack is at night.

Crews should exercise extreme caution in the area and should avoid slow steaming. They should also consider adopting vessel hardening measures.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

26/02/2019 LC Posn 2.064 - 4.733

Background

Three seafarers have been kidnapped from a multi-purpose cargo-carrying landing craft underway in the Gulf of Guinea.

The 1,710 deadweight tonne (dwt) LAETITIA V was over 100 nautical miles (nm) off Nigeria’s Niger Delta when it was boarded by five armed pirates.

According to details posted by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre the pirates seized three crew members and then made their escape.

The attack took place before dawn on February 3.

The Nigerian Navy was alerted and a vessel was sent to escort the LAETITIA V to a safe anchorage.

Assessment and Analysis

Ships in the Gulf of Guinea are vulnerable to pirate attack, especially in waters off the Niger Delta.

In early January six seafarers were kidnapped from a container ship 55 nautical miles (nm) off Cotonou, Benin.

Four months earlier, in September 2018, pirates seized 12 seafarers from a bulk carrier underway 45 nautical miles (nm) southwest of Bonny Island.

In the wider region two vessels west of Pointe Noir in the Republic of the Congo were attacked by pirates at the end of October and crew were seized.

Meanwhile there have been at least four reports of unsuccessful attacks by pirates in the Gulf of Guinea in the first two months of 2019.

Vessels underway in the Gulf of Guinea should be vigilant. The greatest risk of attack is at night.

They should avoid slow steaming and carefully monitor the approach of unknown skiffs.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

26/02/2019 LC Posn 02.59 - 05.56

Background

A container ship has come under fire from pirates operating off the coast of Nigeria.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said the ship was chased by a speed boat carrying four to six armed men.

Shots were fired at the vessel and its non-essential crew were mustered in the citadel.

The container ship took evasive action and the attack was broken-off.

The attack took place before dawn on February 21 while the ship was underway about 80 nautical miles (nm) south of the Niger Delta.

None of the container ship’s crew was hurt.

Details of the incident were reported to the Nigerian Navy.

Assessment and Analysis

It is difficult to assess the full extent of pirate activity off Nigeria and in the wider Gulf of Guinea.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre reported three ships coming under attack in a 24-hour period in late January.

The secretary of Nigeria’s Merchant Navy Directorate (Captain Alfred Oniye) told Nigerian media at the end of February that there had been at least 15 attacks against ships in the first two months of 2019.

But most attacks, he claimed, went unreported.

Vessels sailing in the Gulf of Guinea should be vigilant, especially off Nigeria.

Pirates are often armed and violent.

Assailants come alongside in small boats, usually at night and use ladders, ropes and hooks to attempt to board.

The greatest risk of attack is at night. Vessels underway should avoid slow steaming and carefully monitor the approach of unknown craft.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

12/02/2019 LC Posn 38.52 - 118.42

Background

A bulk carrier at anchor off the port of Caofeidian in northern China has been boarded and diesel oil stolen.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said the incident happened during darkness in the early hours of February 10.

A duty officer on the bulker’s bridge noticed a hose running from one of the ship’s diesel tanks to a small, unlit barge lying alongside.

An alarm was raised and a crew member dispatched to investigate.

At that point an intruder was seen to lower the hose and to escape in the barge.

Soundings of the diesel tank showed fuel was missing.

Assessment and Analysis

There have been at least three reports of bulk carriers being boarded at the Caofeidian anchorage and the neighbouring Jingtang anchorage in a little over a month.

At the end of January two robbers boarded an ore carrier from an unlit barge. They were carrying hoses but fled after an alarm was raised.

Earlier in January two robbers armed with an iron bar were spotted on a bulk carrier. They too fled when an alarm was sounded.

Vessels using the Jingtang and Caofeidian anchorages should carefully monitor the approach of small craft and maintain strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page