Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

UK Ship Register to issue electronic certificates: Safe manning requirements suspended view more

Shots fired at containership. Two vessels reported attempted boardings view more

Anchored vessel boarded at night view more

Seven crew kidnapped from containership while underway view more

Crew trap robbers in engine room workshop view more

Reefer boarded by violent robbers in Callao anchorage view more

Ports show signs of returning to normal view more

'Unprecedented rise' in kidnapping presents 'serious and immediate threat' view more

Vessels boarded while moving through Singapore Traffic Separation Scheme view more

STRAIT OF HORMUZ /PERSIAN GULF: Threat - US warms of possible Iranian action against US maritime interests view more

GUINEA: Risk - Robbers use violence to threaten crew view more

Somali-waters remain high risk view more

Abu Sayyaf terrorists targeting fishing boats view more

Pirates attacking vessels to kidnap crew view more

Thieves boarding vessels close to eastern approaches to Singapore Strait view more

Red Sea: Explosions reported on tanker against a background of growing regional tensions view more

Guayaquil - Risk: Armed robbers threatening crew view more

SINGAPORE - Threat: Thieves boarding barges moving through Singapore Strait view more

Douala Port Authority providing armed guards for ships view more

Libyan ports open but security concerns unresolved view more

JWC Listed Areas: Saudi Arabia (Red Sea coast) excluding transits view more

JWC Listed Area: United Arab Emirates view more

JWC Listed Area: Persian or Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters including the Gulf of Oman west of Longitude 58°E view more

JWC Listed Area: Oman view more

'Strong warning' to observe sanctions view more

United States adds Seychelles to the list of countries it regards as having inadequate anti-terrorism measures view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Indonesian authorities target vessels anchored without permission view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Vessels at anchor targeted by thieves view more

NIGERIA - Risk: Vessels visiting ports and anchorages in and around Lagos targeted by thieves. view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

JWC listed area in Saudi Arabia (Gulf coast) view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
31/03/2020 Posn 51.10 - 0.18

Background

The UK Ship Register says applications to register or de-register should be made online to avoid possible disruptions to the postal service caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Electronic copies of all required documents should be sent by email to the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA).

Once the documents have been verified, the UK Ship Register will issue electronic versions of the registration certificates.

Hard copies to replace the electronic versions will still be issued, but could be delayed.

In other developments, the Belgian Maritime Inspectorate (BMI) has said it is willing to temporarily dispense with minimum safe manning requirements.

A senior BMI official (advisor-general Bart Heylbroeck) said: ‘[If] a crew member is required to depart a vessel due to the virus and the ship owner/operator is unable to immediately replace them, dispensations to Safe Manning Document may be considered on a case by case basis.’

Each request should be supported by risk assessment.

BMI has also all suspended surveys, inspections and audits of ships flying the Belgian flag and companies operating under the flag.

Port authorities remain in a heightened state of alert over the threat posed by crew members or passengers displaying coronavirus symptoms, placing restrictions on disembarkation.

Singapore, however, will allow crew to sign on or off providing they have been well for 14 days and have not been in contact with anyone showing signs of infection.

Hong Kong too has said, that under specific conditions, crew changes will be allowed.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

30/03/2020 Posn 3.07 - 5.35

Background

There have been two attempts to board ships underway off the coast of Nigeria.

The attempts took place in daylight just two days apart.

In the first incident, seven pirates in a black speed boat approached the 60,435 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier SCARABE .

The approach was made shortly before midday on March 25, some 75 nautical miles (nm) south-southwest of Brass.

Seeing the speed boat, the bulk carrier increased its speed and started evasive manoeuvres, prompting the boat to abandon its approach.

The second incident, shortly before dusk on March 27, involved a skiff with up to ten people onboard.

It approached the 54,344 dwt containership LANA and, according to at least one report, shots were fired.

The containership took evasive action and the attack was broken off.

Assessment and Analysis

A little over a month before the latest attacks, pirates operating in the same sea area had attempted to board the containership IRENES RESOLVE. That ship too had come under fire.

All vessels trading in the Gulf of Guinea, but especially in waters of Nigeria, should recognise the threat posed by piracy.

They should adopt robust vessel hardening measures, avoid slow steaming and watch for the approach of small vessels.

They should be ready to take evasive action if approaching vessels behave suspiciously and if a vessel is in imminent danger of boarding, crew should be able to retreat to a citadel.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

24/03/2020 Posn -

Background

The UK government has updated guidance for ship masters and operators during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

It said all vessels should carry adequate medical supplies, equipment and personal protective equipment (PPE).

Anyone with a new, continuous cough or a high temperature should be denied embarkation.

Once on board, everyone should know to whom they report if they develop symptoms.

Anyone who does develop symptoms should be confined to their cabin.

Visits to a patient’s cabin should only made when essential. No-one should enter unless wearing a fluid-repellent surgical face-mask, gloves and a disposable apron.

Meals should be left outside the door and normal housekeeping duties should be suspended

Should a patient become severely ill, the nearest Port Health Authority must be contacted immediately so they can be disembarked and transferred to an appropriate facility.

Even a suspected case of coronavirus should be reported to the appropriate Port Health Authority.  This is in addition to notifying a port of arrival, through a Maritime Declaration of Health, of any illness onboard.

The Singapore Maritime and Port Authority (MPA), in a circular on March 23, ship recommended ships’ masters to remind crew of the symptoms of COVID-19.

It listed the symptoms as a fever, runny nose, cough and shortness of breath. It defined a fever as a temperature is above 37.5 degrees Celsius.

The MPA also recommended that crew be given temperature checks at least at twice a day.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

24/03/2020 LC Posn -0.03 - -51.00

Background

Three robbers briefly held a crew member hostage after boarding a vessel in Macapa Anchorage, Brazil.

The seafarer was seized as he headed forward to check the activity of a small boat spotted near the anchored vessel’s bow.

When he failed to respond to radio calls from the officer of the watch (OOW) an alarm was raised.

The crew were mustered, prompting the robbers to release the seafarer and flee the vessel. They took with them stolen ship’s stores and the seafarer’s two-way radio.

The anchored vessel, which was unidentified in initial reports, was boarded just before midnight on March 16.

Assessment and Analysis

Robbers are known to target vessels in the anchorage at Macapa, in the mouth of the Amazon River,

In March 2019 robbers armed with knives boarded an anchored bulk carrier, only fleeing when an alarm was raised.

They too target the anchored vessel at night.

Vessels using the anchorage should keep strict watches, especially after dark.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

23/03/2020 LC Posn 0.615 - 8.39

Background

Pirates have kidnapped seven crew from a containership underway in the Gulf of Guinea.

The 957 teu (twenty foot equivalent unit) capacity MSC TALIA F was approaching Libreville in Gabon when it was boarded an hour after dawn on March 22.

The vessel’s AIS (automatic identification system) was reportedly off for at least three hours around the time of the attack.

There were 17 crew on board and some are believed to have had time to lock themselves in the ship’s citadel.

After the kidnappers left, the containership was able to proceed to Libreville.

The crew are reported to be from Ukraine.

Assessment and Analysis

The Gulf of Guinea has seen numerous attacks by pirates but incidents off Gabon have been relatively rare.

In December 2019, gunmen killed a ship’s master and kidnapped seafarers in an attack on four vessels anchored in inshore waters in the Bay of Libreville.

The vessels were understood to be waiting for licenses to fish in Gabon’s waters.

Two months earlier an offshore supply ship had reported being tracked by a suspicious vessel while underway off Port-Gentil, to the south of Libreville.

Crews should exercise extreme caution throughout the Gulf of Guinea.

They should avoid slow steaming and watch for the approach of small vessels.

All vessels in the Gulf of Guinea should adopt robust vessel hardening measures.

 

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

18/03/2020 LC Posn 1.201 - 103.41

Background

Three robbers armed with a crowbar and pipes boarded a bulk carrier in the western approaches of the Singapore Strait.
The 57,200 deadweight tonne (dwt) SAM JAGUAR was underway north of Indonesia’s Karimunbesar Island in the early hours of March 16.
Crewmembers spotted the robbers and were able to lock them inside the engine room workshop.
Meanwhile a general alarm was raised and the entire crew mustered.
Two individuals, suspected accomplices of the robbers, approached the bulk carrier in a skiff but were repelled by the crew
Authorities in Singapore and Indonesia were informed and Indonesian armed guards boarded the bulk carrier from a pilot boat and arrested the three detained intruders.

Assessment and Analysis

In December 2019 there was six reports of vessels being boarded by intruders while underway in the Singapore Strait.
The vessels targeted were bulk carriers and tankers.
As with the SAM JAGUAR, the vessels were boarded at night.
There have been confrontations with ships’ crews and seafarers have been assaulted.
Ships proceeding through the Strait should switch on additional lighting.
They should sound their alarms if they suspect they have been boarded or are about to be boarded.
If they are being approached by suspicious vessels, they should increase speed and consider evasive actions.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

17/03/2020 LC Posn -12.03 - -77.17

Background

Robbers boarded a refrigerated cargo ship (reefer) in Callao anchorage, briefly taking three crewmembers hostage.

The reefer, the 598 twenty-foot unit (TEU) capacity STAR SPIRIT, was boarded before dawn on March 13.

Nine robbers came alongside in three small boats.

Once on deck they seized three of the crew, tied them up and assaulted them. Two of the seafarers were wounded.

An alarm was raised and the robbers made their escape, taking with them stolen ship’s stores.

Assessment and Analysis

The boarding of the STAR SPIRIT came less than two weeks after a similar attack on the bulk carrier GLOBAL TOMORROW.

In both cases, the vessels were boarded from small craft that made their approach in the hours before daylight.

There have now been at least nine cases of intruders boarding ships in the Callao anchorage in the last 12 months.

Until the boarding of the STAR SPIRIT, violence had been rare.

Ships’ crews should be vigilant when entering Callao Anchorage and post strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

16/03/2020 Posn 31.22 - 121.87

Background

Congestion at Chinese ports is easing as operations begin returning to normal.

The China Ports & Harbours Association said container throughput at eight major ports grew by more than 9% in the week beginning March 2.

“There [had been] staff shortages everywhere, at berths, among inspectors, truck drivers and at downstream companies. But it’s getting much better now as people are coming back,” the association’s secretary general was quoted as saying.

In the meantime, however, a logjam of refrigerated containers (reefers) continued.

About 18,000 twenty-foot-equivalent unit (TEU) reefers had been waiting at Shanghai and Tianjin ports in early March, the port association said.

Assessment and Analysis

At the height of the coronavirus outbreak, China’s ports were clogged with containers, many of them stranded for lack of trucks.

The Chinese government has now relaxed some of the travel restrictions that virtually shut down parts of the economy.

Some ports were reported to have chartered trains to bring drivers back to work.

The relaxation of travel restrictions followed a sharp reduction in reported cases of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in China.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page