Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

Two tankers damaged in Gulf of Oman in suspected attacks view more

Israel Navy boards container ship to arrest stowaway view more

Venezuela's 'political instability' triggers war risk premium view more

India places restrictions on crew recuritment for vessels operating off West Africa, due to the risk of violent armed robbery and kidnapping. view more

Vessel boarded in Cigading Port view more

Bulker boarded by intruders carrying knives view more

Ship boarded in Nacala Anchorage view more

JWC Listed Areas: Saudi Arabia (Red Sea coast) excluding transits view more

JWC Listed Area: United Arab Emirates view more

JWC Listed Area: Persian or Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters including the Gulf of Oman west of Longitude 58°E view more

JWC Listed Area: Oman view more

'Strong warning' to observe sanctions view more

United States adds Seychelles to the list of countries it regards as having inadequate anti-terrorism measures view more

NIGERIA/GULF OF GUINEA: Risk - Piracy threat in Gulf of Guinea view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Unmanned barges vulnerable to boarding view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Indonesian authorities target vessels anchored without permission view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Vessels at anchor targeted by thieves view more

NIGERIA - Risk: Vessels visiting ports and anchorages in and around Lagos targeted by thieves. view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

SOMALIA - Risk: Ships should register with the EU’s Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Armed robbery whilst transiting the Singapore Strait view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List for Yemen view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: status of, and security at, Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

JWC listed area in Saudi Arabia (Gulf coast) view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
13/06/2019 LC Posn 25.5 - 57.34

Background

Explosions have been reported from two tankers in the Gulf of Oman.

U.S. Naval Forces in the region reported receiving two separate distress calls, one at 6:12am local time and a second one at 7:00am local time. The US Navy’s fifth fleet said it was assisting the tankers.

The two tankers involved are the FRONT ALTAIR and the KOKUKA COURAGEOUS. The two ships are currently approximately 50 km apart in the Gulf of Oman.

The crews have abandoned both vessels and are reportedly safe. The crew from the FRONT ALTAIR were rescued by the Abu Dhabi bound HYUNDAI DUBAI.

A huge fire is engulfing the FRONT ALTAIR, which is carrying a cargo of naphtha. The KOKUKA COURAGEOUS is carrying Methanol.

Bernhard Schulte issued a statement on its website saying the “The hull [of the KOKUKA COURAGEOUS] has been breached above the water line on the starboard side.”

Assessment and Analysis

These incidents come almost exactly a month after four vessels were attacked near UAE territorial waters, east of Fujairah.

After assessing the damage from these attacks the UAE said that they most likely the work of “state actors”. Then later in May, US National Security Advisor John Bolton said that evidence that Iran was behind these attacks would be presented to the UN.

The exact nature of these current incidents is still unclear and no group has claimed responsibility.

UKMTO has issues an advisory notice saying “We are aware of an incident involving two merchant tankers in the Gulf Of Oman. The circumstances are currently unclear and under investigation.”

UKMTO has advised “vessels transiting the area to exercise extreme caution”.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

12/06/2019 LC Posn 32.77 - 34.89

Background

Israeli naval forces boarded a containership outside Haifa after the ship‘s captain reported the presence of a disruptive stowaway.

The incident unfolded in the early hours of June 9.

The 2,604 TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) MSC CANBERRA was at anchor some five nautical miles (nm) off Haifa.

A report from the ship’s captain said an unknown individual had begun to break items on board and had tried to start fires.

The crew, following emergency procedures, locked themselves inside the ship’s citadel.

Israeli troops boarded the vessel and conducted a search.

A 45-year-old Turkish national was arrested.

No one was injured in the operation.

 

Assessment and Analysis

The MSC CANBERRA was underway to Haifa from the Turkish port of Mersin.

Reports say the stowaway become disruptive after he realised the vessel was not sailing to Europe.

Israel says the arrested man faces deportation to Turkey.

Stowaways are a perennial problem for the shipping industry.

In many cases they are passive and amenable when discovered but there can be confrontations.

In December 2018, UK navy marines arrested four Nigerian stowaways who were said to have become threatening as it approached  the UK coast.

Ships should guard against unauthorised individuals boarding undetected while in port. No one should be allowed on board without a port permit and ISPS clearance and watches should be kept on gangways and mooring ropes.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

11/06/2019 Posn 10.56 - -64.94

Background

Switzerland-based MSC (Mediterranean Shipping Company) is to apply a War Risk Premium on containers heading to Venezuela.

A company advisory notice published on June 6 said the premiums would be applied with ‘immediate effect’ regardless of where the containers were loaded.

It cited ongoing political instability and the imposition of sanctions.

An MSC spokesperson said there would be no general announcement on the size of the premiums, instead customers would be told individually.

Assessment and Analysis

The United States has sought to block Venezuela’s oil exports through an escalating programme of sanctions.

The sanctions have targeted tanker traffic rather than container shipping-lines but the sanctions regime could be tightened further.

Meanwhile, the political and economic situation in Venezuela has increased both risks and costs for vessels calling at the country’s ports.

In May 2019 the Germany-based shipping-line, Hamburg Sud, announced a general rate increase (GRI) of $1,200 per container to take cargo from the United States to Venezuela.

 “The cost escalation we face in Venezuela is related to the very high inflation rates combined with very low cargo volumes,” a spokesperson was quoted as saying.

United States-based King Ocean Services also said it would begin applying a GRI on containers bound for Venezuela.

Once in Venezuelan ports and anchorages, deteriorating security and hard-pressed shore-side administration can leave ships exposed to delays and theft and robbery .

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

10/06/2019 Posn 2.46 - 3.25

Background

India is trying to restrict the number of Indian seafarers working in the Gulf of Guinea.

A circular issued by India’s Directorate General of Shipping (DGS) in May 2019 said attacks by pirates and armed robbers were becoming more violent and the risk of kidnap and hijack was growing.

It said recent incidents suggested foreign nationals, especially Indian seafarers, were being targeted.

The DGS instructed crewing agencies licensed by the Indian authorities to stop recruiting Indian seafarers for vessels that traded only between ports in Gulf of Guinea (i.e. Benin, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea).

Assessment and Analysis

Five Indian nationals were kidnapped from the tanker APECUS in an attack off Nigeria’s Bonny Island in April 2019.

It was one of the most serious kidnapping incidents in the Gulf of Guinea in the first half of 2019.

Data from the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre, meanwhile, showed 21 seafarers of various nationals had been kidnapped in the Gulf of Guinea in the first three months of 2019.

The restrictions on engaging Indian seafarers to work on vessels trading solely in the Gulf of Guinea applies only to crewing agencies that hold a Recruitment and Placement Services Licence (RPSL)  from India’s Directorate General of Shipping (DGS).

It is likely that crewing agencies outside India will continue to operate as before.

Indian seafarers may also find themselves assigned to vessels working in the Gulf of Guinea through unlicensed Indian crewing agencies.

The impact of the DGS instruction is unlikely to bring a major disruption to shipping but is a reflection of ongoing concern about maritime security in the region.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

04/06/2019 LC Posn -5.993 - 105.96

Background

Thieves boarded a bulk carrier at anchor in Cigading Port in West Java, Indonesia.

They broke into the vessel’s steering gear room and stole engine spares.

It is not clear how they were able to board.

The thieves fled the vessel when the ship’s whistle was sounded and they realised they had been discovered.

The intruders boarded the bulk carrier during darkness in the early hours of May 29.

Assessment and Analysis

Thieves are known to operate in Indonesian ports and anchorages although there have been few reports of thefts from vessels in Cigading.

Security patrols by the Indonesia Marine Police and the introduction of designated safe anchorages have been effective in bringing down the number of incidents nationwide.

In 2018 the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) recorded only 36 cases of boardings or attempted boardings in Indonesia.

That was down from 43 cases the year before and 49 cases the year before that.

Most of the 2018 incidents were ‘low level’ opportunistic theft although the IMB cautioned that there had been cases of crew being taken hostage or threatened.

Ships should maintain strict watches at anchor or at berth, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

03/06/2019 LC Posn 0.055 - -50.97

Background

Six intruders armed with knives were able to board a bulk carrier in Brazil’s Macapa Anchorage near the mouth of the Amazon River.

A member of the bulker’s crew spotted the intruders just before midnight on May 29.

The ship’s master was alerted, the crew mustered and an alarm raised.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre said the thieves had scaled the vessel’s anchor chain to get on deck.

Once the alarm was raised, the intruders fled.

A search of the bulker found a storeroom lock had been forced and ship’s properties stolen.

Assessment and Analysis

The Macapa Anchorage has a history of clandestine boarding, particularly at night.

In March 2019, two robbers armed with knives boarded an anchored bulk carrier using a hook attached to a rope.

And in 2018, the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre recorded three incidents of illegal boarding.

In one case, robbers forced open shipping containers and began riffling the contents.

Ships should exercise caution while in the anchorage. Crews should mount strict watches, especially during the houses of darkness.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

29/05/2019 LC Posn -14.53 - 40.66

Background

Ship’s stores have been stolen from a vessel at the Nacala Inner Anchorage in Mozambique.

The theft was discovered after nightfall on May 26.

Crew noticed access to the forward store had been forced and saw footprints on the forecastle deck.

A search was carried out but no intruders were found.

Assessment and Analysis

There have been intermittent reports of thefts and attempted thefts from ships in the inner and outer anchorages at Nacala.

In October 2018 an unidentified individual approached a ship in a small boat and attempted to climb its anchor chain.

There was a similar incident in July 2017 when two potential intruders were spotted approaching a vessel at anchor.

In both cases the boarding attempts were broken off when it was clear they were being observed.

Ship’s crews should be alert to the possibility of intruders and maintain strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page