Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

Vessel found abandoned with engine running view more

Sulu Sea: Ship's master wounded by gunfire view more

Crew and vessel safe after coming under attack view more

Intruders target product tanker view more

Ships bound for Ukrainian ports in Azov Sea face delays view more

Masked intruder boards vessel carrier view more

Vessels attacked off the Bakassi Peninsula view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

SOMALIA - Risk: Ships should register with the EU’s Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Nigeria - Risk: Sharp rise in the number of vessels being boarded by intruders view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

NIGERIA/GULF OF GUINEA: Risk - Piracy threat in Gulf of Guinea view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Armed robbery whilst transiting the Singapore Strait view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Potential mis-declaration of Indonesian nickel ore cargoes in Indonesia view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

YEMEN - Risk: Sanctions and the US Department of the Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List for Yemen view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship security as a result of the civil war in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

LIBYA - Risk: status of, and security at, Libyan Ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Saudi Arabia, excluding transit view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
11/12/2018 LC Posn 5.38 - 118.5

Background

Abu Sayyaf, a Philippines-based terrorist group claiming allegiance to so-called Islamic State, has been linked to reports of a crew being seized from a fishing vessel in the Sulu Sea.

The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery in Asia (ReCAAP) said three crewmen were kidnapped shortly after midnight on December 5.

It said about 20 armed attackers believed to be members of Abu Sayyaf had boarded the fishing vessel from speedboats.

According to ReCAAP the incident happened 12 nautical miles (nm) off Malaysia’s Sabah state on the island of Borneo.

Reports in Malaysian media confirmed that a deserted fishing boat had been found in the area with its engine running.

Malaysian officials said they were trying to verify what had happened. They only became aware there was a problem after the ship’s owner said he had lost contact with the crew.

Assessment and Analysis

ReCAAP warned in October that intelligence suggested Abu Sayyaf was planning new attacks on shipping.

The group has a record of kidnapping crews for ransom, often targeting tugs, barges and fishing boats.

The latest reported abduction took place in the same area a tug came under fire from attackers in a speedboat.

That attack was also reported to have taken place on December 5.

Vessels should try to avoid the Sulu and Celebes seas. If that is not possible they should maintain strict anti-piracy watches and monitor the approach of any small craft.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

10/12/2018 LC Posn 5.38 - 118.5

Background

A tug has come under fire in the southern Sulu Sea, 12 nautical miles (nm) off Malaysia’s Sabah state on the island of Borneo.

The shots were fired from a speedboat believed to be carrying four individuals. One of the shots struck the tug master, wounding him in the leg.

A distress signal was sent and the Royal Malaysian Police responded by sending a patrol boat.

The tug was identified in Malaysian news reports as the 363 gross tonne (gt) MAGTRANS II.

A senior Malaysian police official was quoted as saying the attackers fired on the tug twice before boarding the vessel.

Most of the tug’s 13 crew members retreated inside the boat but one of the crew fired ten shots from a flare gun, causing the attackers to flee.

The incident took place after dark on December 5 while the tug was towing an unladen barge.

 

Assessment and Analysis

Vessels operating off eastern Sabah and in the Sulu and Celebes seas should maintain strict anti-piracy watches.

In September 2018 armed attackers kidnapped two crew members from a fishing vessel close to the Malaysian port of Semporna in the Celebes Sea.

At the end of October there was a warning from the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery in Asia (ReCAAP) that attacks against shipping by the Abu Sayyaf terrorist group might be imminent in waters off Sabah state.

Abu Sayyaf, a Philippines-based group claiming allegiance to so-called Islamic State, has a record of kidnapping crews for ransom, often targeting tugs, barges and fishing boats.

Vessels should try to avoid the Sulu and Celebes seas but if that is not possible they should monitor the approach of any small craft and be ready to report any suspicious activities to the authorities.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

05/12/2018 Posn 3.191 - 6.25

Background

A vessel has reportedly come under attack in the Gulf of Guinea, some 90 nautical miles (nm) southwest of Bonny Island.

The incident took place shortly after sunset on December 4.

Details were given to the piracy reporting body Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG).

It was later reported that the crew and vessel were safe and that the ship had been able to proceed to port.

The name of the vessel and the vessel type were withheld.

Assessment and Analysis

All waters off Nigeria and the wider Gulf of Guinea should be seen as dangerous.

There have now been at least six attack on vessels off Bonny Island since mid-September.

Attacks typically involved armed assailants coming alongside and climbing aboard using ladders, ropes and hooks.

Vessels in the area should exercise extreme caution and keep strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

04/12/2018 Posn 10.2256 - -64.6783811

Background

Intruders were spotted aboard a product tanker in the Puerto La Cruz Anchorage in the early hours of December 1.

Details posted by the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said two people were seen attempting to open the ship’s forward store.

The crew raised the alarm and the intruders fled empty handed.

The incident was reported to the authorities.

 

Assessment and Analysis

Robbers have been targeting ships at anchor in Venezuela, particularly at Puerto La Cruz and Puerto Jose.

The number of incidents has been rising as the country struggles with civil unrest and a deteriorating economy.

The IMB Piracy Reporting centre has detailed at least ten incidents in the first ten months of 2018. In some cases the robbers have been armed.

Meanwhile, routine loading operations and port management, including security services, are under strain.

Ships calling at Venezuela’s ports and oil terminals should be prepared for delays and a heightened level of risk from intruders intent on theft.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

03/12/2018 Posn 45.231835 - 36.53683

Background

Ukraine’s government claims traffic to its ports in the Azov Sea has been slowed by a Russian blockade.

It says ships heading to the ports of Mariupol and Berdyansk have been held-up in the Kerch Strait.

The Strait, which separates the Azov Sea from the Black Sea, was the scene of a confrontation between Russian and Ukrainian naval vessels on November 25. Three Ukrainian vessels and their crews were seized.

Since then there have been reports of Russia refusing to allow ships heading to and from Mariupol and Berdyansk to move through the strait.

Russian officials have denied there is a blockade and have said maritime traffic has been moving normally.

A Ukrainian government minister said on December 4 that freedom of passage for vessels heading through the Kerch Strait had been partially restored although ships were still being stopped and inspected by Russia forces.

Assessment and Analysis

There has been tension between Ukraine and Russia over access to the Azov Sea since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014.

Those tensions have been heightened by Russia’s construction of bridge across the Kerch Strait. The bridge links Crimea with Russian territory to the east but also limits the size of vessels that can pass through.

Even before the confrontation between Russian and Ukrainian naval vessels of November 25 Russia had been accused of delaying ships heading to Mariupol, Berdyansk and other Ukrainian ports. More than 200 vessels have been subject to ‘stop and search’ operations since the bridge was opened in March.

Turkish-flagged vessels in particular have been targeted but Romanian and Bulgarian and other EU-flagged ships have also faced long and costly delays.

At the beginning of December 2018 the three Ukrainian naval vessels and their crews were still in Russian hands.

Ukraine’s government said it feared further military action by Russia.

Ship operators planning to call in Ukrainian ports in the Azov Sea should be aware that their passage could be blocked or delayed and that there was a risk of naval clashes.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

27/11/2018 LC Posn -12.0471 - -77.1663

Background

A masked intruder was spotted on the forecastle of a vehicle carrier in Callao Anchorage.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said the incident happened shortly after midnight on November 24.

The alarm was raised by crew making routine rounds. The ship’s whistle was sounded, the crew were mustered and a report was made to port control.

The intruder was able to escape.

A search of the vessel showed ship stores were missing.

 

Assessment and Analysis

There has been an increase in the number of robberies recorded in Callao Anchorage.

The latest incident brings to four the number recorded by the IMB’s Piracy Reporting Centre this year, compared to just two in 2017.

In each of the 2018 incidents the vessels were boarded while at anchor. In two cases the intruders were armed with knives.

The government imposed a state of emergency in the port city of Callao in 2016 after a surge in crime linked to the illegal trade in narcotics.

In the same year there were 11 robberies or attempted robberies on ships in Callao Anchorage.

Ships’ crews should be vigilant when entering Callao Anchorage and post strict watches while at anchor.

They should also be alert to the approach of any small craft.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

26/11/2018 LC Posn 4.019354649078918 - 8.03

Background

Four trawlers were briefly hijacked while sailing some 12 nautical miles south of the Bakassi Peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea.

Few details have been disclosed but the piracy reporting agency Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG) said it had been told that the incident happened before dawn on November 23.

The trawlers have since been reported safe and there are no reports of crew members being kidnapped.

Less than 24 hours earlier, on November 22, there were reports that a vessel in the same sea area had been boarded by armed men.

The intruders, who attacked shortly before sunrise, fled in a blue-hulled boat after a security vessel approached. Again, there were no reports of any crew members being assaulted or kidnapped.

That attack took place 19 nm from the coast, southwest of the Bakassi Peninsula.

Assessment and Analysis

The Bakassi Peninsula was ceded by Nigeria to Cameroon in 2008. It now lies on Cameroon’s border with Nigeria, 80 nautical miles (nm) east of Port Harcourt and Bonny Island.

There have been a series of attacks on vessels off Bonny Island. Four incidents were reported between mid-September and early November.

All waters in and off Nigeria and the wider Gulf of Guinea should be seen as dangerous. Vessels in offshore and inshore waters are at risk.

Attacks typically involve armed assailants coming alongside and climbing aboard using ladders, ropes and hooks.

Vessels in the area should exercise extreme caution and keep strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page