Maritime Threat Picture

in collaboration with NORTH

Somali-waters remain high risk view more

Abu Sayyaf terrorists targeting fishing boats view more

Tanker takes evasive action view more

US-led naval coalition begins operations view more

Tanker takes evasive action after coming under fire view more

Pirates attacking vessels to kidnap crew view more

Four seafarers seized; armed guard wounded view more

Nine seafarers kidnapped from bulk carrier off Cotonou view more

Thieves boarding vessels close to eastern approaches to Singapore Strait view more

Thieves target ship's stores view more

Bulker boarded in Indonesian anchorage view more

ReCAAP issues Special Alert after vessels boarded while underway view more

Red Sea: Explosions reported on tanker against a background of growing regional tensions view more

Tanker boarded while at anchor view more

Guayaquil - Risk: Armed robbers threatening crew view more

SINGAPORE - Threat: Thieves boarding barges moving through Singapore Strait view more

Douala Port Authority providing armed guards for ships view more

Libyan ports open but security concerns unresolved view more

US highlights threat to shipping from Iran view more

Attacks on vessels possible as tension between Iran and the West escalate view more

NIGERIA/GULF OF GUINEA: Risk - Piracy threat in Gulf of Guinea view more

JWC Listed Areas: Saudi Arabia (Red Sea coast) excluding transits view more

JWC Listed Area: United Arab Emirates view more

JWC Listed Area: Persian or Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters including the Gulf of Oman west of Longitude 58°E view more

JWC Listed Area: Oman view more

'Strong warning' to observe sanctions view more

United States adds Seychelles to the list of countries it regards as having inadequate anti-terrorism measures view more

SINGAPORE STRAIT - Risk: Indonesian authorities target vessels anchored without permission view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Vessels at anchor targeted by thieves view more

NIGERIA - Risk: Vessels visiting ports and anchorages in and around Lagos targeted by thieves. view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Robbery on the rise in Venezuela's ports view more

ROMANIA - Risk: Authorities impose strict policies for exchanging and deballasting in Romania view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Economic and social turmoil contribute to deteriorating port security. view more

Chrome cargoes causing confusion in Mozambique view more

Libya – Risk: Tankers and their crews being detained on suspicion of oil smuggling view more

PERU - Risk: of robberies from ships in Callao view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Difficult navigation and port conditions in Abidjan view more

Threat: Hijacking and boarding for theft in South China Sea view more

MALACCA STRAIT - Risk: robbery. Maintain strict anti-piracy and robbery watches. view more

Risk: Syrian sanctions view more

IRAN - Risk: Iranian Sanctions view more

LIBYA - Risk: fines issued for delays in discharging at Misurata, Libya view more

Risk: Drug trafficking at Puerto Cabello, Lake Maracaibo and Orinoco River ports view more

ALGERIA - Risk: Customs fines in Algeria view more

VIETNAM - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in Vietnam view more

Ice-conditions at Ukrainian ports view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Hull staining at Dakar, Senegal view more

SUDAN - Risk: Damage and shortage claims for bagged cargo in Port Sudan view more

UAE - Risk Possible delays caused by disembarking crew due to injury or sickness at Fujairah, UAE view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines imposed for sewage treatment plant effluent non-compliance view more

CHINA - Risk: Theft from ships in Tianjin anchorage view more

GUINEA - Risk: armed robbery at Conakry Anchorage view more

PHILIPPINES - Theft from vessels in Manila and Batangas view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Delays due to hull cleaning in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Fines for inaccurate bunker customs declarations in the port of Dakar, Senegal view more

INDIA - Risk: Fines and delays for seafarers failing to submit a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate in Mumbai, India view more

EGYPT- Risk: Fines for fender damage claims in Egyptian ports view more

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Risk: Fines for unauthorised transit through marine reserve areas view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Grounding in the Parana River, Argentina view more

PERU - Risk: Unexpected charges for sludge removal services at ports in Peru view more

SAUDI ARABIA & UAE Risk: Infection from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) view more

MEXICO - Risk: Shipper's surveyor forcing Masters to accept pre-prepared non-clausable mate's receipts at Veracruz, Mexico view more

URUGUAY - Risk: Fines and delays for non-compliance with Uruguayan Oil Spill Response Organisation (OSRO) contract requirements view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Navigation through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines for short landing fertilizer cargoes in Argentina view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and delays for carrying out non-approved bunkering operations in Angolan waters view more

LIBYA - Risk: Ship arrest for loading banned illicit crude oil from Libya view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with Hong Kong - Air Pollution Control (Ocean Going Vessels) (Fuel at Berth) Regulations view more

USA - Risk: Fines for non-compliance with MARPOL Annex VI within the US Emission Control Area view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Self heating petroleum coke at Amuay Terminal, Venezuela view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Vessels grounding in the approaches to Douala port, Cameroon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines following illegal discharges into the Bohai Sea and China's inland waterways view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Detentions and delays arising from Port State Control (PSC) inspections and non-compliance with MLC 2006 regulations view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Cape Town view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Ballast water sampling requirements, Ukraine view more

CHINA - Risk: The collection of tax from non-resident taxpayers engaged in international transportation business with China view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Potential shortage claims when loading bulk sulphur at Jubail, Saudi Arabia view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of paper shortage claims in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Ship arrest and customs fines as a result of fabricated coal cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BULGARIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Varna, Bulgaria view more

ROMANIA - Risk: P&I claims arising from grain cargo contamination loaded at Constantza, Romania view more

CHINA - Risk: Navigation danger due to expansion of aquaculture at Lanshan, China view more

CANADA - Risk: Ice navigation in Canadian waters during the winter months view more

CHINA - Risk: Fines, Port State Control detentions and delays for breaching regulations for passing through the Qiongzhou Straits, China view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in customs documentation at Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire view more

VENEZUELA - Risk: Misdeclared metallic iron content of Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) cargoes at San Felix, Venezuela view more

MALAYSIA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Kuantan, Malaysia, may be prone to liquefaction view more

GABON - Risk: Fines imposed by customs officials due to inaccuracies in port clearance documentation at Port Gentil, Gabon view more

CHINA - Risk: Fertilizer loaded in Chinese ports susceptible to caking and contamination view more

COTE D'IVOIRE - Risk: Delays resulting from port officials' refusal to land stowaways at Abidjan and San Pedro, Cote d'Ivoire view more

CHINA - Risk: Danger to navigation due to sea ice in the Baohai Sea, China view more

KUWAIT - Risk: Claims arising from grain cargo shortages in Shuwaikh port, Kuwait view more

CHINA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of fluorspar cargoes in China view more

PAKISTAN - Risk: Bulk liquid cargo shortage claims in Karachi, Pakistan view more

BRAZIL - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Trombetas, Brazil may be prone to liquefaction view more

SAUDI ARABIA - Risk: Grain cargo shortage claims at Saudi Arabian ports view more

ANGOLA - Risk: Damages and shortage claims for bagged rice cargoes to Luanda view more

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - Risk: US Environmental Protection Agency fines for noncompliance with MARPOL Annex VI low sulphur content fuels. view more

UKRAINE - Risk: Black-listing and possible ship arrest resulting from previously visiting Crimean ports view more

THAILAND - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of loading/discharging dangerous goods without permission from Thailand's Marine Safety and Environment Bureau/Harbour Department view more

TURKEY - Risk: Fines for short landing of cargo at Turkish ports view more

HONG KONG - Risk: Fines for emitting dark smoke in the port of Hong Kong view more

INDONESIA - Risk: Fraudulent Port State Control (PSC) inspection charges in Indonesia view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Issues loading iron ore during the rainy season in Sierra Leone view more

GHANA - Risk: Bauxite with a high moisture content loaded at Takoradi may be prone to liquefaction view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: Problems associated with the loading of bauxite on the Sherbro River, Sierra Leone view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Costs and consequences for repatriating stowaways at the port of Durban view more

NORTH AMERICA - Risk: Delays due to the discovery of Asian Gypsy Moth in Canada and the USA view more

SUDAN - Risk: Regular shortage claims following the discharge of bulk wheat at Port Sudan view more

ALGERIA -Risk: Customs fines due to shortage claims for grain cargoes shipped to Algeria view more

INDIA - Risk: Cargo claims and potential liquefaction of iron ore cargoes in Goa, India view more

MEXICO - Risk: Delays, ship arrest and problems loading iron ore cargo in Mexican ports view more

MEXICO - Risk: Drug cartel activity and acts of violence in and around Mexican port cities view more

South America - Risk: Drug Trafficking throughout South America view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Ships anchoring in South African coastal waters are obliged to first obtain permission from the South African Maritime Safety Authority view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities forbid the landing of stowaways at the port of Dakar view more

CAMEROON - Risk: Fines and delays as a result of exaggerated cargo claims at the port of Douala view more

BENIN - Risk: Exaggerated shortage claims resulting in customs fines view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, delays and detention as a result of differences in oil record books and shipboard retention of oils, Yemen view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fabricated stevedore personal Injury claims in Yemeni ports view more

YEMEN - Risk: Fines, ship arrest and possible delays as a result of late reporting of Fixed and Floating Object (FFO) claims in Yemen view more

GHANA - Risk: Stowaways boarding or being discovered at Tema Port or Takoradi ports, Ghana view more

SIERRA LEONE - Risk: associated with discharging bulk rice at ports in Sierra Leone view more

JORDAN - Risk: Bulk cargo shortage claims in the port of Aqaba view more

YEMEN - Risk: Ship arrest as a result of exaggerated cargo shortage claims in Yemen view more

AUSTRALIA - Risk: Possible ship detention by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority as a consequence of using non-approved navigation charts in Australian waters view more

COLOMBIA - Risk: Possible delays caused by the Colombian Navy carrying out routine anti-drug trafficking searches in Colombia's ports (Puerto Bolivar, Puerto Neuvo and Puerto Drummond) view more

LIBYA - Risk: Sanctions and US Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, Libya view more

YEMEN - Risk: Unexpected expenses and fines arising from the shifting of vessels, arrival draught restrictions and exceeding time allotted for discharge in Hodeida view more

TURKEY - Risk: Issues associated with loading steel products in Turkish ports view more

SOUTH AFRICA - Risk: Delays caused by ship detentions due to the discovery of armaments on board merchant vessels in South Africa view more

TUNISIA - Risk: P&I claims and customs fines arising from short landing of cargo in Tunisian ports. view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Senegalese authorities robustly impose customs fines on vessels calling at Dakar view more

SENEGAL - Risk: Restricted availability of bunkers at Dakar roads, Senegal view more

THAILAND - Risk: Problems associated with loading bulk and bagged sugar in Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Old, damaged bagged rice from Thailand view more

THAILAND - Risk: Potential damage to bagged rice due to dunnaging in Thailand view more

NIGERIA – Risk: Nigerian navy arrest vessels employing the services of armed security guards view more

SUDAN - Risk: Fraudulent steel transactions to Port Sudan view more

TAIWAN - Risk: Damage to nets and equipment, safe transit of the coastal fishing zones of Taiwan view more

GUATEMALA - Risk: Nickel ore can liquefy due to excessive moisture content view more

ARGENTINA - Risk: Customs fines in Argentina relating to the misdeclaration of ship's stores view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Eritrea, but only South of 15º N view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Venezuela. view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Yemen view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Syria view more

JWC listed area in Saudi Arabia (Gulf coast) view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Lebanon view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Israel view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iraq, including all Iraqi offshore terminals view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Iran view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Pakistan view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Togo view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Somalia view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Indian Ocean / Arabian Sea / Gulf of Aden / Gulf of Oman / Southern Red Sea view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Benin view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Nigeria view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Libya view more

Joint War Committee Listed Area: Gulf of Guinea, but only the waters of the Togolese, Beninese and Nigerian Exclusive Economic Zones north of Latitude 3° N view more

USA - Risk: merchant vessels subject to fines and severe delays due to illegal contraband carriage, particularly from the port of Miami and Port Everglades view more

CARIBBEAN - Risk: commercial vessels being used to traffic and smuggle contraband in the Caribbean Basin, particularly to and from the Port of Spain, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Jamaica view more

ECUADOR - Risk: Drug trafficking, theft and piracy at the Ecuadorian port of Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar view more

SPAIN - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband from North and West Africa though Algeciras (Spain) into European black markets view more

THE NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM - Risk: vessels being used to traffic and/or smuggle contraband through the major shipping hubs of Antwerp and Rotterdam view more

LIBYA & SYRIA - Risk: Implications of the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean view more

INDONESIA AND PHILIPPINES - Risk: nickel ore liquefaction due to excessive moisture content during voyages from the Philippines and Indonesia view more

INDONESIA - Threat: of theft from ships at anchor view more

BANGLADESH - Risk of theft from ships anchoring in Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar view more

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Current Incidents
Enduring Risks
Listed Areas
Latest Incidents
12/11/2019 LC Posn 1.186 - 103.32

Background

Intruders have attempted to board a product tanker underway in the western approaches to the Singapore Strait Traffic Separation Scheme (STS).

Six people in two speedboats approached the 6,815 deadweight tonne (dwt) product tanker GT EQUALITY just after nightfall on November 5.

They broke off their attempt after the crew raised an alarm and the tanker increased speed and took other evasive action.

Assessment and Analysis

There have been four reports of thieves targeting ships in the western reaches of the Singapore Strait Traffic Separation Scheme (STS) in a little over a month.

All the incidents have taken place during darkness.

In two cases, the intruders successfully boarded their targets and in both cases, they were armed.

In one incident, they threatened a crew member and briefly held him hostage before fleeing the vessel with stolen stores.

The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) issued an Incident Alert in late October calling for ships to exercise heightened vigilance in the area.

It also called for the law enforcement agencies of coastal states to step up surveillance.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

12/11/2019 Posn 23.889552231356028 - 57.04858324999998

Background

A US-led naval coalition designed to strengthen  maritime security in the Persian Gulf and wider Middle East formally began operations in the November.

Vice Admiral Jim Malloy, the commander of US Naval Forces in the Middle East, said ‘Operation Sentinel’ – also known as the International Maritime Security Construct – was a defensive measure.

The United States has said the aim is to protect shipping moving through the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman and shipping lanes approaching the Red Sea.

Frigates and destroyers will patrol critical choke-points, such the Strait of Hormuz and the Bab el-Mandeb Strait. Smaller vessels will patrol the seas.

According to some reports, the coalition will provide naval escorts at critical points.

Assessment and Analysis

The primary objective of Operational Sentinel is to deter Iran from attacking merchant shipping.

The United States blames Iran for a series of attacks against commercial vessels in the Strait of Hormuz and in the wider region.

Iran has denied involvement  and in cases where its forces have seized or detained vessels, it claims it has been acting lawfully.

There has been rising tension between Iran and the West. In August, the US Maritime Administration (MARAD)  warned vessels operating in the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman to keep their AIS (automatic identification systems) transmitting at all times.

It warned US-flagged vessels specifically to register with US Fifth Fleet Naval Cooperation and Guidance for Shipping (NCAGS) Watch before they entered the region.

The United States has been building the coalition behind Operation Sentinel since June.

Countries deploying forces as part of the coalition include the United Kingdom, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Australia.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

11/11/2019 LC Posn 1.13 - 6.15

Background

A tanker has come under attack by pirates in the Gulf of Guinea.

The attack took place 54 nautical miles north of the island of Sao Tome shortly after midnight on November 7.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre said the 156,853 deadweight tonne (dwt) CASCADE SPIRIT came under fire from a skiff.

The attack was broken off after the tanker increased speed, began evasive manoeuvres and discharged four parachute rockets.

The piracy reporting service, the Maritime Domain Awareness for Trade – Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG), said vessels in the area should exercise ‘extreme caution’.

Assessment and Analysis

Ships in the Gulf of Guinea remain at risk of attack by pirates.

Some 40 incidents of piracy and armed robbery in the Gulf were reported in the first nine months of 2019.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) piracy reporting centre, which compiles the statistics, suspects many other attacks go unreported.

Most of the attacks have been off Nigeria and Cameroon although the first week of November saw vessels attacked off Benin and Togo.

Crews should exercise extreme caution throughout the Gulf of Guinea.

They should avoid slow steaming and watch for the approach of small vessels, especially at night.

All vessels trading in the Gulf of Guinea should adopt robust vessel hardening measures.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

04/11/2019 UTC Posn 6.04 - 1.25

Background

Pirates attacked a Greek-flagged oil tanker off the coast of Togo in the early hours of November 4 and took four crew members hostage.

The 94,140 deadweight tonne (dwt) ELKA ARISTOTLE was 9.5 nautical miles (nm) off the port of Lome.

The Togolese Navy said the armed guards on-board the ELKA ARISTOTLE had tried to fight off the attackers. One of the guards was wounded in an exchange of fire.

Two of the seafarers taken hostage were from the Philippines; one was from Greece and the other from Georgia.

Assessment and Analysis

The assault on the ELKA ARISTOTLE came 48 hours after a similar attack off the port of Cotonou in neighbouring Benin.

In that incident, nine seafarers were seized from the 58,105 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier BONITA.

Athens-based European Navigation Inc. operates the ELKA ARISTOTLE.  It declined to comment beyond saying the security of its seafarers was paramount and that the tanker and its remaining crew were safe.

In May, eight armed hijackers seized a chemical tanker, the G DONA I, in Lome Anchorage.

The Togolese Navy was able to intercept the tanker as it headed out to sea. Eight pirates were arrested.

Two months earlier, in March, pirates attacked a product tanker, the HISTRIA IVORY, some 17 nautical miles (nm) southeast of Lome. Three crew were kidnapped and were still missing some six months after being seized.

Vessels off Togo and in the Lome anchorages are at risk from pirates and robbers.

Assailants have been armed and have used violence.

More widely, ships operating in sea areas off Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, and across the Gulf of Guinea remain at risk of attack.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre logged 32 incidents in the Gulf in the first six months of 2019.

All vessels operating in the Gulf of Guinea are advised to adopt robust vessel hardening measures.

Crews should exercise extreme caution. They should avoid slow steaming while underway and keep strict watches while at anchor and at berth.

They should be alert for the approach of small vessels, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

02/11/2019 UTC Posn 6.33 - 2.45

Background

Pirates have kidnapped nine seafarers from a bulk carrier anchored off the Port of Cotonou in Benin.

They were seized from the 58,105 deadweight tonne (dwt) BONITA in the early hours of November 2.

Port officials in Cotonou said the attack took place within the harbour area.

Initial accounts gave no other details.

The bulker, which was carrying a cargo of gypsum, was able to proceed to the port with its remaining crew.

The BONITA is operated by the Norway-based Shipping firm J.J. Ugland.

Norwegian reports said the all kidnapped crew, which included the ship’s captain, were from the Philippines.

Assessment and Analysis

This was the second incident in 2019 in which crew were abducted from a vessel off the coast of Benin.

In January, armed pirates kidnapped six seafarers from the containership MSC MANDY. The vessel had been 55 nautical miles (nm) south of Cotonou when attacked.

All the kidnapped seafarers, who were from Russia, were later released unharmed.

The attack of the BONITA, however, was the first reported from the Cotonou anchorages for well over a year.

In early 2018, there were at least four attacks in the anchorages, beginning with the hijacking of the product tanker BARRETT in January.

In February 2018, pirates attacked three other product tankers, the MARINE EXPRESS, ST MARSEILLE and the SEA EMPEROR. In each case, the attackers were armed and violent.

Waters in Gulf of Guinea, which includes sea areas off Benin, Nigeria, Togo, and Cameroon, remain a high-risk area for piracy and robbery.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre logged 32 cases in the Gulf in the first six months of 2019.

It acknowledged that other incidents might have gone unreported.

Crews should exercise extreme caution throughout the Gulf of Guinea.

They should avoid slow steaming while underway and keep strict watches while at anchor and at berth.

Watches should be alert for the approach of small vessels, especially at night.

All vessels operating in the Gulf of Guinea should adopt robust vessel hardening measures.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

28/10/2019 LC Posn -4.75 - 11.81

Background

Thieves have stolen stores from a container ship at anchor off Congo.

They boarded the 1,100 TEU capacity MAERSK ROUBAIX while it was in the Pointe-Noire South Anchorage.

The alarm was raised in the early hours of October 20 when a duty officer noticed a mooring rope in the water.

The ship’s crew were mustered and the vessel searched. No intruders were found but the forward storeroom door was open and equipment was missing.

The incident was reported to the port authorities.

Assessment and Analysis

There were at least three occasions armed robbers boarded ships in the Pointe-Noire anchorages in 2018 but this was the first incident reported to the International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre in 2019.

Ships in the Pointe-Noire Anchorage should be vigilant and maintain strict watches, especially at night.

Reported and analysed by North and Gray Page

28/10/2019 LC Posn -6.01 - 105.96

Background

Intruders boarded a 208,660 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier in Cigading Anchorage, West Java, Indonesia.

The crew of the bulk carrier, the CSK ENTERPRISE, spotted the four unauthorised boarders shortly after midnight on October 22.

The crew raised an alarm and the intruders, who were near the entrance to the ship’s engine room, fled. Nothing was stolen.

Assessment and Analysis

Thieves continue to target ships in Indonesian ports and anchorages.

The International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre reported 20 cases of boardings or attempted boardings in Indonesian waters in the first nine months of 2019.

At least 15 of the incidents involved ships at berth or at anchor.

Most appeared opportunistic with intruders stealing stores and engine spares.

Thieves usually operated at night. In some cases, they were armed, typically with knives.

Although confrontations with crew have been rare, in at least one case a seafarer was threatened.

There have now been at least two cases of unauthorised boarding in Cigading in 2019. Both have involved the bulk carrier CSK ENTERPRISE.  In May, thieves boarded the bulker under cover of darkness and stole engine spares.

Ships visiting Indonesia should maintain strict watches at anchor and at berth, especially at night.

Indonesia’s Marine Police has been mounting extra patrols at designated safe anchorages and ships are advised to use the patrolled anchorages whenever possible.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

23/10/2019 Posn 1.039 - 103.65

Background

Unauthorised boarders have been targeting ships in the western reaches of the Singapore Strait Traffic Separation Scheme (STS).

There have been reports of three incidents in less than a month.

The 81,247 deadweight tonne (dwt) bulk carrier TRANSPACIFIC reported intruders armed with knives on its aft deck on September 30.

A second bulk carrier, the 180,000 dwt NORD STEEL, was boarded some three weeks later, although there is confusion about the exact date.

The intruders, armed with guns and knives, threatened a crew member, tied his hands and briefly held him hostage. They fled the vessel, taking with them stolen stores.

At around the same time, the 302,550 dwt tanker HIRADO reported unauthorised boarders on deck. They left the tanker without confrontation.

Assessment and Analysis

All three of incidents took place at night in the western end of the Singapore Strait Traffic Separation Scheme (STS).

The ships were all underway and proceeding in the eastbound lane.

The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) said that in each case five intruders were seen. It added that it was possible the same group was involved in at least two of the attacks.

It issued a special Incident Alert on October 23 calling for ships to exercise heightened vigilance and to report any incidents.

It also called for the law enforcement agencies of coastal states to step up surveillance.

ReCAAP said the series of incidents were the first since 2011 in which armed intruders boarded vessels in the western approaches to the STS.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page

21/10/2019 LC Posn -11.98 - -77.16

Background

Suspected thieves boarded a tanker in the Callao Anchorage in Peru.

The three intruders were seen on the vessel’s forecastle shortly after midday on October 12.

The duty watch raised the alarm and the officer of the watch (OOW) sounded the tanker’s forward horn.

The intruders fled the deck and escaped in a boat.

Investigations by the crew found a skylight had been broken but nothing stolen.

Assessment and Analysis

This was the second unauthorised boarding of a vessel in Callao in less than a month.

At the end of September, robbers boarded a bulk carrier at anchor in the port.

They tied the hands of a crewmember and briefly took him hostage.

There have been at least six reports of vessels being boarded by intruders in Callao port and its anchorage in the first ten months of 2019.

The latest two incidents took place in daylight.

Intruders appear to have been targeting ships’ stores.

Ships’ crews should be vigilant when entering Callao, both in the port and in the Anchorage.

They should post strict watches and switch on their deck and cargo-lights after dark.

Pilot ladders and accommodation ladders should be hoisted and crews should be alert for the approach of small craft.

Reported and analysed by Gray Page